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幻灯片-iYUMO|生活志

为新包装法头疼?来看看这一份超详细解析!(德国新包装法)

来给大家科普下。

1

德国包装法是什么?

德国新包装法是一个法律性强制法,强制生产商或是出售商,第一次销售产品含有包装,包括外部包装,最终零售包装,饮食业所用的抛弃式容器/盛器,运送包装材料,公司都需要注册和认领许可证,包装法中强制出售商必须申报出售的包装材料,种类和重量。

在德国市场销售商品的企业,如果不能遵守德国最新包装法,将面临高达5万欧元的罚款和销售禁令。

2

谁有义务注册登记?

无论是制造商、进口商、分销商,或者是在线零售商,如果是你把包装材料第一次投入到市场,就有义务注册登记。

速卖通、亚马逊、eBay、Wish、兰亭集势、敦煌这些跨境电商平台也同样适用于该新包装法案。

3

包装法(VerpackG)带来的重大变化

所有制造商/首批包装经销商,包括包装商品,还有跨境电商商品包装。都必须通过网络平台LUCID在新的Zentrale Stelle注册,然后才能将任何包装在德国市场上销售。

注册必须在2019年1月1日之前完成。

VerpackG还对现行法律进行了一些额外的修改,包括:

1.更高的包装收集目标。

2.包装数据报告的变更 – 必须报告给Zentrale Stelle。

3.包装定义的更新 – 销售包装更明确。

4

德国新包装法怎么注册?

1在管理中心注册登记

包装回收管理中心网址

verpackungsregister.org

管理中心注册地址链接

lucid.verpackungsregister.org

注册主要需要提供的材料有

公司名称

公司地址

法人信息

VAT税号(必须有)

营业执照统一社会信用代码

邮箱地址,联系电话等

2选择一个回收处理商进行包装材料的回收,获得许可号

回收处理商有很多,收费方式都基本一样,费用也大同小异。包含一个基础套餐费(一般是75-79欧不等),包含了少量的包装材料回收额度,比如纸板200kg/年,超出部分则按每kg计费。如果卖家包装量比较大可以对服务商进行询价。注册时需要填入一年预计的包装总重量。

以下给出一个大致的材料回收费附加费,来源INSPIRE :

纸张 142€/吨

塑胶 787€/吨

黑色金属 729€/吨

玻璃 68€/吨

饮料盒包 759€/吨

铝 739€/吨

其他混合包装 819€/吨

天然材料(例如木料) 63€/吨

3注册完毕以后关联在管理中心获得的注册号,同时在管理中心提交第二步中的信息

每年在产品销售之前进行至少一次申报,如果中途发现申报数量不足需要补申报,申报需要同时提交给回收服务商和管理中心。

5

新包装法常见问题解答

另外,为了帮助大家更好的了解,我们极智佳特意将lizenzero一些对于包装法的详细问答,翻译过来,总结出近来被问到最多的几个问题。

1德国的“双系统”如何运作?

除了废品箱,还有另外一个收集系统,特别是用于销售包装垃圾。这被称为“双系统”。包装制造商和分销商为此系统付费。有关该系统的规则载于德国包装法(VerapackG)。

双系统组织包装废物的收集、分类和回收。这种废物是因消费者购买包装的商品然后将包装作为废物处理而产生的。如果您制造或分销此包装,则必须参与该系统。这也称为“许可”您的包装。通过支付包装的许可费,您和所有其他包装公司都在帮助支付双系统费用。您还履行了产品责任,因为使用过的包装可以免费处理并回收给消费者。这也是VerpackG的要求。

德国包装法案创建了一个新的权力机构“包装注册中央机构”来检查公司是否按照双系统的要求获得许可。

所有包装经销商必须在2019年1月1日前向中央机构注册,并且必须计算并向机构及双系统报告其年度包装数量。

1. How does the German ‘Dual System’ work?

In addition to the bin for residual waste, there is also another collection system, especially for sales packaging waste. This is known as ‘Dual System’. Packaging manufacturers and distributors pay for this system. Rules about the system are set out in the German Packaging Act (VerpackG).

The Dual System organises the collection, sorting and recycling of packaging waste. This waste is created by consumers buying packaged goods and then disposing of the packaging as waste. If you market this packaging as a manufacturer or a distributor, you must take part in the Dual System. This is also known as ‘licensing’ your packaging. By paying your licence fee for your packaging, you and all other packaging companies involved are helping to pay for the Dual System. You also fulfil your product responsibility, because used packaging can then be disposed of and recycled at no cost to the consumer. This is also required by the VerpackG.

So who is responsible for checking that companies are licensing their packaging with a one of the existing dual system companies as required? The German Packaging Act has created a new authority to carry out this work, called the ‘Central Agency Packaging Register’.

All distributors of packaging must register with the Central Agency by 1 January 2019. Distributors must also count and report their annual packaging volumes to the Agency and to their dual system.

2 如果没有注册号,我可以参加双系统吗?

是的。您可以与Lizenzero签订Interseroh’s 的双系统许可协议,即使没有注册号也可以打开您的客户账户。但是这不能完成整个过程,而且您还没有法律合规性。这种情况下,您应该尽快提供您的注册号。

2. Can I take part in a dual system if I do not have a registration number?

Yes. You can sign a licence agreement with Lizenzero for Interseroh’s dual system (Duales System Interseroh, DSI) and open your customer account even without a registration number. This does not complete the process, however, and you are not yet legally compliant. In this case, you should provide your registration number as soon as possible.

3如果我将原始包装中的产品云送给第三方,是否需要申请包装许可?

不需要。如果您是产品经销商并且只是将产品云送给消费者而没有任何额外的包装-在制造商的原装纸箱中没有装运箱-那么您不需要申请包装许可。

但是,可能会要求您提供未使用额外包装的证明。因此,您必须保存记录,表明产品包装已经由您的供应商/制造商获得许可。此外还应检查制造商是否已经在包装注册中央机构中正确注册。或者,您可以要求供应商向您提供一份文件,证明该产品的原始包装有有效的包装许可。

3. Do I need to apply for a packaging licence if I am shipping the product in the original packaging to a third party?

No. If you are a product dealer and are simply shipping the product to the consumer without any extra packaging – in the manufacturer’s original carton without a shipping box – then you do not need to apply for a packaging licence.

However, you may be asked to provide proof that you are not using extra packaging. Accordingly, you must keep records that show that the product packaging has already been licensed by your supplier/manufacturer. In addition, you should also check that the manufacturer is properly registered with the Central Agency Packaging Register. Alternatively, you can ask your supplier to provide you with a document that proves that there is a valid packaging licence for the product in its original packaging.

4在双系统中获得包装许可需要多少费用?

双系统中包装许可费用取决于您使用的包装材料的数量和类型。Interseroh提供的许可协议起价仅为25欧元。只需点击几下,您就可以使用我们的计算器快速计算您的个人许可费用。

您可以使用更小或更轻的纸板包装来节省许可费用,用纸张填充物代替重的填充材料。

4. How much does it cost to license packaging in a dual system?

The fee charged to license packaging in a dual system depends on the volume and type of the packaging materials that you are using. Interseroh offers licensing agreements that start at just EUR 25. You can use our Calculator to quickly calculate your individual license fee with just a few clicks.

You can save money on your licence fee by using smaller or lighter kinds of cardboard packaging and you can replace heavy filling materials with paper fillers.

5商人和私人卖家有什么区别?

私人卖家只向其他私人公民出售-例如在eBay上。与商家不同,他们无需向当局注册。

5. What is the difference between merchants and private sellers?

Private sellers only sell to other private citizens – on eBay, for example. Unlike merchants, they do not have to register a business with the authorities.

6许可费是否可以抵税?

是的。许可费用是永久性和经常性付款,可以立即确认为业务费用。这意味着这些费用是可以抵税的业务费用。

6. Are licensing costs tax deductible?

Yes. Licensing costs are permanent and recurring payments that can be recognised as business expenses immediately. This means that these expenses are (tax) deductible business expenses.

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